Simple present tense gyjoserondonl 110R5pR 15, 2011 5 pagcs Simple Present Tense The Simple Present tense is used to describe habitual actions that occur with some frequency and makes no reference to whether it is happening at present. Example: -l play tennis. (He mentions a sport that I do every day and not necessarily What lim playing right now). -He works in an office. (This refers to work that develops a person often). hey travel to Madrid. (Talk about a trip that isre eated dail although the subject is not doing now). ors uat and negative of this Below are the ways a rTV tense: he affirmative interr I Play DO I Play?
Don’t You Play Do You Play? You Don t He Plays Does He Play? He Doesn’t She Plays Does She Play? She Doesn’t It Plays Does It Play? It Doesn’t We play Do We PlayWe Don ‘t They play Do They Play? They Don ‘t In the top box has been taken as an example the verb PLAY. Note that in the affirmative, in the 3rd person singular, you add an «S» to the verb. EXAMPLE: -He eats vegetables. -Alice dances at the theater. special cases such as if the verb used ends in «SS», «SH», «CH», «0» and «X» to form the 3 rd person singular in the affirmative is added «ES» Here are sorne examples: – Ifthe verb is FISH , Will be combined: He fishes at the sea. If the verb is KISS, combine: She kisses to her boyfriend. Ifthe verb is WATCH, are combined: He watches the mountain. – If the verb is FIX, Will be combined: He fixes his car. If the verb is GO, come together: She goes to the office. Another exception is if the verb ends in «Y» after consonant. To form the 3rd person singular is replaced this «Y» WIth an «i» along the end «ES». Example• -If the verb is STUDY, interact: She studies the lesson. We know that both DO and DOES are used in English to make nterrogative sentences in present simple, according to the formula DO / DOES + subject + verb.
The difference is that DOES auxiliary is used only ifthe subject is third person sngular, while DO is used in the other cases. For example, consider the following sentences: -Do you go to school every day? – Does your sister speak French? These auxiliary, followed by the negation NOT (or DO or DOES contracted form) also serve as an essential element of negative sentences in present simple. he structure here is DO NOT / DOES NOT + verb. The distribution of one or other au RI_IFS simple. The structure here is DO NOT / DOES NOT + verb.
The distribution of one or other auxiliary conditions follows the same grammatical person indicated above: DOES NOT or for the third person singular or DO NOT DO for all other grammatical persons. Examples are these sentences: -l do not watch TV in the morning -Does not read comics Helen If these aids were used for interrogative sentences are also used in short answers to those questions. Thus, while in Spanish answer with yes or no to these questions, in English there is also the subject and auxiliary in the affirmative or negative. Examples: -Does he like tennis?
Yes, he does -Does he like football? No, He Does not Oraciones con sujetos 3ras personas singular 1) – Carlos buys ice cream every day. (Carlos compra helados todos los días) -Does Carlos buy ice cream every day? -Yes, he buys ice cream every day -No, he doesn • t buy ice cream every day 2) – Vanessa sells plastic brushes. (Vanessa vende cepillos de plástico) -Does Vanessa sell plastic brushes? Yes, she does No, she doesn ‘t sell plastic brushes 3) – he plays ball every Sunday. (El juega pelota todos los domingos) Does he play ball every day? Yes, he does 31_1fS No, he doesn’t a taxi driver.
Ella trabaja de taxista) Does she work as a taxi driver? Yes, she works as a taxi driver No, she does not work as a taxl driver 5) – he dreams of becoming a Singer. (El sueña con ser cantante) Does he dream of becoming a singer? No, he doesn ‘t dream of becoming a Singer 6) – Johanna shorts hair at the hairdresser. (Johanna corta pelo en la peluquería) Does Johanna short hair at the halrdresser? No, she doesn ‘t 7) – Louisa dances with his brother. (Louisa baila con su hermano) Does Louisa dance with his brother? Yes, she dances with his brother 8) – John steals every Friday in the bank. John roba todos los iernes en el banco) Does John steal every Friday in the bank? Yes, he steals every Friday in the bank No, he doesn ‘t steal every Friday in the bank 9) Maria studies hard to graduate. (María estudia mucho para graduarse) Does Maria study hard to graduate? No, she doesn • t 10) He works in the supply. (El trabaja en un abasto) Does he work in the supply? Yes, he works in the supply 41_1fS No, he doesn ‘t work in the Caracas? Yes, I do No. I don ‘t basketball in Caracas 2) We must rent at the hotel. ( Nosotros debemos la renta en el hotel) Do we must rent in the hotel? Yes, we must rent in the hotel
No, we don’ t 3) They dance thong thong. (ellos bailan tanga tanga) Do they dance thong thong? Yes, they dance thong thong No, they don «t 4) You eat bread. (Tu comes pan) Do you eat bread? No, don «t bread 5) We go to the beach. (nosotros vamos a la playa) Do we go to the beach? Yes, we go to the beach No, we don ‘t 6) speak English. ( yo hablo ingles) Do speak English? No, don’ t 7) They go to Valencia to buy gifts for Christmas. (ellos van a valencia a comprar regalos para navidad) Do they go to Valencia to buy gifts for Christmas? Yes, they do No, they don • t go to Valen s for Christmas SÜFS