Antologia gy jossIinda23 ACKa6pR 02, 2010 | 17 pagos Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco División Académica de Ciencias de la Salud «Estudio en la duda, acción en la fe» Licenciatura en Nutrición Asignatura: Lengua extranjera Introducction In this anthology which was present throughout the cycle, which were very interesting activities that took us to learn English writing and the many differences with S anish, knew the rules of nouns, pronouns, an PACE 1 to View nut*ge Es un trabajo hecho sea de su agrado. Conjuctions The connectors or conjunctions are words used to join two or ore phrases or two words in the same sentence.
Here are the most common conector. Copulative Connectors Copulative connectors are those that bind something to the above. Some of them are: and / not only But also / Bath and / no sooner than. * And-y He played the guitar and sang wonderful songs El tocó la guitarra y cantó maravillosas canciones. It is hard for a student to work and study at the same time. Es dificil para un estudiante trabajar y estudiar al mismo tiempo * Not only… but aso… – no solo… sino también… también Mary and Bill not only argued, but shouted at each other as ellMary y Bill no solo discutían sino que se gritaban también * Both … nd… – tanto… como… / ambas cosas Many politicians desire both money and power Muchos políticos desean tanto dinero como poder Bill wants both to earn more money and to work less Bill quiere ambas cosas, ganar más dinero y trabajar menos * no sooner… than… – apenas… cuando… The baker had no sooner turned off the oven than the last customers arrived El panadero apenas había apagado el horno cuando llegaron los últimos clientes I had no sooner gotten into the bathtub than the telephone rang
Apenas me había metido en la bañera cuando sonó el teléfono Conditional Connectors if- si If I see him, 1’11 give him the message. Si lo veo, le daré el mensaje What shall we do, if they don’t accept the offer? ¿Qué haremos si ellos no aceptan la oferta? If I See him, 1’11 give him the message whether – si I don’t know whether they Will agree on that subject. No sé si ellos estarán de acuerdo en ese tema. I wonder whether she really wants to do that. Me pregunto si ella realmente quiere hacer eso. * Unless – a menos que You won’t pass the exam dy harder. ake our umbrellas in case it rains. Llevaremos nuestros paraguas en caso de que llueva Functional Connectors Connectors used to express a functional purpose, objective or purpose. In English some of them are so, so That, so as to, in arder to. So – entonces So, tell me what you think about my new dress! Entonces, dime que piensas acerca de mi nuevo vestido! George knew he had to wake up early so he went to bed at 8pm. George sabía que tenía que levantarse temprano, entonces se fue a la cama a las 8pm So that – para que He gave her a present so that she would feel better.
El le dió un regalo para que ella se sintiera mejor. You should study more so that you can pass the exam. Deberías estudiar más duro para que puedas aprobar el exámen. * So as to – para que, de manera que We moved the table so as to have more space for dancing. Mudamos la mesa para tener más espacio para bailar. Jack opened the window so as to let in the sunlight. Jack abrió la ventana para dejar entrar la luz del sol. * In order to — para They lefi early in arder to arrive in time for the movie. Ellos salieron temprano para llegar a tiempo para la película.
We are working harder in arder to earn more money. Estamos trabajando más duro para ganar más dinero terjections What is an Interjection? An interjection is a Word added to a sentence to convey emotlon. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. You usually follow an interjection with an exclamation mark. Interjections are uncommon in formal academic prose, except in direct quotations. The hiehlighted words in t entences are that hurt! Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today. Hey! Put that down!
I heard one guy say to another guy, «He has a new car, eh? » I don’t know about you but, good lord, think taxes are too high! Interjections are not, although sorne grammarians included in he inventory of Word classes, part of the prayer, but prayer is equivalent to expressing a feeling alive. They are thus signs pregramaticales played by three functions of language found Bühler: expressive, conative and representative. Also equivalent to sentences without development of type expressions interjectional heavens! God, llghtning and thunder! , Demons! , Heavens! tc Interjections are usually short words or phrases are used primarily in oral, written and oral language plays, often as an expression of relief or expletive outbursts of emotion, often in an almost reflex. Whole phrases can be formed by its core nterjectional (Gee, alas! ) Or other phrases to be more ar less grammaticalized as interjections (For God’s sake! ) Structurally, they are classified mostly as a kind of prayer unimembre interjectional averbal character. This is because you have only one term (ie, Word or short phrase that exists) and lacks a verb.
The following list includes some ofthe most commonly used interjections in English, though many of them are decidedly archaic and therefore seldom used these days except in jest: Ah, aha, ahoy, ay , bah, bravo, duh, encore, fie, good, goodness, gosh, great, hah, hello, here, hey, ho, hmm, huh, humph, hurrah, ush, indeed, lo, now, O, oh, oops, ouch„ pshaw, so, there, tush, tut, ugh, well, what, whoa, whoopee, whoops, why, um,yay, yes, YO Apostrophe In this second lesson Will study the use ofthe apostrophe and its features (and curious) most important. Basically has three uses: a) omission of letters: Apostrophes are used in contractions.
Is meant by ‘contraction’ to a Word (even numbers) in which you have omitted one or more letters (or numbers). The role of the apostrophe is precisely to highlight this omission. The contractions are commonly used in conversation and informal writing. Here are some examples: on’t do not l’m = am he’ll he Will who’s = who is shouldn’t = should not didn’t = did not could’ve = could have ’60 = 19601 The omission of letters is also present in words where writing is colloquial pronunciation of the ending-ing and expression Lees Let us initially was Look at these two examples.
No, thanks. I’m just lookin’. I Let’s go to the movies. b) plural of Iowercase letters: The apostrophe is also used to form the plural of letters in Iowercase (Iowercase letters). In this case, the rule seems to be more typographical than grammatical. To form the plural have to put is after the letter. No apostrophe is necessary to use capital letters, numbers and symbols. However, it should be noted that many publishers and educators maintain that preference.
Here are some examples: ppp three p’s There are three p’s in the phrase ‘Spanish-speaking people’. three Macintosh G4s >> three of the Macintosh model G4 There are two G4s currently used in the writing classroom c) or Saxon Genitive ‘Possessive Case’: The grammarians often called the possessive ending ‘ior’i genitive ‘to the ending is which indicates possession, that is, conveys the idea that something belongs to someone. Ofte ames of stores, onveys the idea that something belongs to someone. Often used With names of stores, restaurants, festivals, etc.. ronouns * Pronouns can be classified into: Acusativos * Indefinidos * Posesivos * Relativos * Recíprocos Personal pronouns are also known as personal pronouns or nominal subject. Are those that concern the grammatical persons. * You * She * We * They Acoustic pronouns also known as complement personal pronouns: * Him * Her -k You Possessive pronouns indic n and are variables: thev 1 We/us usually se they/them at the weekend. 2 How did you teach he/him to read?. 3 1/Me write to she/her once a month. He/Him loved she/her very much but she/her didn • t lave he/ him. Why did you ask they/them to come? 1/Me don • t like they/ them. 6 1/Me don • t think she/her understands 1/Me 7 Please don ‘t wait for we/us. 8 Did they/them tell she/her the news? 9 Would you like to come with 1/Me. 4b Complete these sentences with me, you, her, him, it, us or 1 can ‘t open this door. Could you open it for me, please? 2 Those shoes are really nice. I ‘d like to buy them. 3 ‘ Did you See Jonathon last night? ‘ ‘ No, I phoned him but he wasn • t there 4 can ‘t do this homework. Can you help me ? asked you a question but you didn «t answer me 5 We’re not ready.
Please give us some more time. 7 She speaks very quickly. I can ‘t understand her 8 1 • m soro,’ about your birthday. l’ m afraid forgot about it 9 Jill’s a very nice woman. Do you know her 10 My parents are coming this weekend. Would you like to meet them ? 11 They’re not married now. She left him ayear ago. 12 ‘Where•syour passport? ‘ ‘l don’ t know. can’ t find it 13 My mother writes to me every week but don «t write to her very often. 14 Where you at the meeting last night? I didn ‘t see you there. 15 We want to help you. Please tell us about Your problems.
Noun 101. Singular and plural no SINGULAR daysgirl girls I church churchesdish dishesbus busesbox boxes potatoeshero tomato tomatoespotato heroes I pianosradio radios I plano baby babiesfactory factories I NOUN 1. Regular plurals a) Most nouns from their plural by adding -s to the singular noun. b) We add -es if the singular noun ends in -ch, -sh, -s or -x. c) Some nouns ending in -o (tomato, potato, echo, ero, negro are the most common), add -es in the plural. Other nouns endlng in -o, add —s only. d) Nouns ending in a consonant + -y, Change the -y to I and add -es. lf halvesthief thievesleaf leavesknife kniveswife wivesl’fe lives I foot feettooth teethgoose women/ wimin/ geeseman menwoman mice mouse child children/ ‘ oxen sheep sheepd deerfish crises phenomenon phenomena cactus cacti rregular plurals a) Sorne nouns ending In -fl-f drop the -fl-fe and add -ves in the plural eg ha f,thief, leaf, loaf, self, shelf, Wolf, thielf, wife, b) Some nouns form the plural by Changing their vowels(s). The plural of mouse is mice. c) A few nouns form the plural with -en d) Some nouns have the same form in the Singular and the plural e) Some nouns borrowed from Greek and
Latin have Greek or Latin plural endings. f) The usual plural of person is people (not persons) * Fish is the normal plural offish: fishes is also possible. But less usual. For the pronunciation of the -(e)s ending. See 187. 1. Singular and plural nouns (2) 1. Normally we use singular nouns with singular verbs and pronouns, and plural nouns with plural verbs and pronouns. ‘Where’s the key? ‘Irs on the table I the keys? ‘ ‘Theyre on the table’ aut see 2-9 below 2. With group nouns eg family, team, group, crowd, class, company, government we can use singular or popular verbs and pronouns. ) We use plural verbs hen we think ofthese groups as number of peop they? The police and Britain wear blue uniforms. 4. We use plural nouns, verbs and pronouns with a number of and a group of. A number of my friends are planning together. They hope to go to Greece and Turkey. For a lot of, See 116. 5. After expressions with one of my/his/her etc we use a plural noun and a singular verb. One of my friends is coming to see me. 5. When we talk about an amount or a quantity, we often use singular verbs and pronouns with plural nouns. Ten thousand pounds is a lot of money. The nearest town is, five kilometers from here. ‘ That isn’t very 7.
Some nouns have only a plural form egtrousers, jeans, pyjamas, shorts, tights, glasses, scissors. The jeans are very Old There are some scissors in the kitchen. We can also use a singular verb + a pair ofwith these nouns. There is a pair of scissors in the kitchen. 8. Some nouns end in -s, but are not plural eg news, politics, mathematics, physics, economics, athletics, billiards, rabies. The news is depressing. Mathematics is an interesting subject. 9. Uncountable nouns, the names of things which we cannot count, eg milk, money, normally have no plural form. There is some milk in the fridge. Money isn • t the most i in life, is it?